Kiev Pechersk Lavra
Kiev Pechersk Lavra also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery in Kiev, Ukraine. Since its foundation as the cave monastery in 1015 the Lavra has been a preeminent center of the Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Eastern Europe. Together with the Saint-Sophia Cathedral, it is inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was named one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine on August 21, 2007, based on voting by experts and the internet community.
Podol which lies along Dnieper bank is one of the oldestKiev regions. Several centuries ago it was a district of trade and craftsmen. Ships loaded with goods, pilgrims and travelers came to main city port which was situated here. Nowadays Podol became one of the most prestige Kiev districts.
By the times of Kievan Rus Podol was trade district of Kiev — handy-craftsman wards, main city port, harbor and custom house were situated there. This part of Kiev was also called Nijniy Gorod(Lower City), may be only here has remained old names of streets by the time of Kievan Rus — Schekavitskaya, Kojumyatskaya, Khorevaya, Borisoglebskaya, Degtyarnaya.
Podol starts from Pochtovaya square. In the center of it stands the reconstructed church of Christ Birth. Here is main river-boat station and Dnieper wharf Across the road is situated lower station of funicular.
From Pochtovaya square starts Sagaydachnogo street, with small 2-3 storied buildings astride, which were built in 19-20 centuries. During the days-off the street is pedestrian.
Sagaydachnogo street leads to Kontraktovaya square — the heart of Podol. The square took its name in 19 century here trade fairs were conducted and contracts were made — the prototypes of modern stock-exchange deals. The square is divided into two parts by the building of Gostiniy Dvor (shopping arcade). Across the street stands one of the oldest Kiev educational institutions — Kiev-Mohyla Academy were studied many famous people, among them was Gregory Skovoroda, Gulak Artemovskiy, Pilip Orlik and even Michail Lomonosov. Another one interesting thing on Kontraktovaya square is rotunda with the sculpture of Samson with Lion under it. 100 years before it was a fountain and legend said that everybody who drinks from it will stay in Kiev forever.
People’s Friendship Arch
The People’s Friendship Arch (Ukrainian: Арка Дружби Народів, Arka Druzhbi Narodiv, literally ‘friendship arch’) dedicated to the unification of Russia and Ukraine, was constructed in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine.
The Friendship Arch was constructed in 1982 by sculptor A. Skoblikov and architect I. Ivanov and others. It is a huge, 50 m (164 ft) in diameter, rainbow-shaped arch, made of titanium.
Underneath the Friendship Arch there are two statues: one which is made of bronze and depicts a Russian and Ukrainian worker holding up the Soviet Order of Friendship of Peoples and the other is made from granite and depicts the participants of the Pereyaslav Council of 1654.
There is a viewing deck there where most of the east bank can be viewed, Troeschina and towards the north of the city, Podil and Obolon
The National Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War
The National Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War is a memorial complex commemorating the German-Soviet War located in the southern outskirts of the Pechersk district of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, on the picturesque hills on the right-bank of the Dnieper River. The museum has moved two times before ending up in the current location where it was ceremonially opened on May 9 (the Victory Day), 1981, by then Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. On June 21, 1996, the museum was accorded its current status of the National Museum by the special decree signed by Leonid Kuchma, then the President of Ukraine.
It is one of the largest museums in Ukraine (over 300 thousand exhibits) centered around the now famous 62-meter tall Motherland statue, which has become one of the best recognized landmarks of Kiev. The museum has been attended by over 21 million visitors.